Thursday, December 12, 2013

Disturbing Photos From S.D. in 1890s—From Wounded Knee to Pine Ridge Read


Remaining Members of Big Foot's Band

The caption says: What’s left of Big Foot’s Band. Taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891. (This was after the Massacre of Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890. This was all that remained of Big Foot’s Band.) (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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By: 
12/11/13
All of these images were taken by Chicago photographer J.C.H. Grabill between 1886 and 1892 in South Dakota—not an easy time for the Indians of the area.
It was a time of upheaval for Natives. The railroad was being built through their ancestral homelands, the Massacre of Wounded Knee devastated the Lakota in 1890, and their land was being mined by whites with Westward Expansion on their minds.
AsChicago Magazinepointed out, “Grabill’s photography career lasted a mere seven years, but seven critical ones, and his legacy is a remarkable document of America in the era of Manifest Destiny.”
Grabill released all 188 images he took from 1886-1892 to the Library of Congress. Here are 25 of them.

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Grass Dance on Reservation

The caption says: “At the Dance” Part of 8th U.S. Cavalry and 3rd Infantry at the great Indian Grass Dance on Reservation. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Chief Rocky Bear’s Home

Chief Rocky Bear’s Home. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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"The Great Hostile Camp"

This caption says: The Great Hostile Camp. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Devil's Tower

Devil’s Tower or Bear Lodge (Mato [i.e. Mateo] Tepee of the Indians), on the Belle Fourche. Taken near Sturgis, South Dakota in 1887. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Indian Chiefs

Indian chiefs who counciled with Gen. Miles and setteled [sic] the Indian War — 1. Standing Bull. 2. Bear Who Looks Back Running [Stands and Looks Back]. 3. Has the Big White Horse. 4. White Tail. 5. Liver [Living] Bear. 6. Little Thunder. 7. Bull Dog. 8. High Hawk. 9. Lame. 10. Eagle Pipe. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Indian Council

The caption says: Hostile Indian Camp and was taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Indian Chiefs

The caption says: Indian Chiefs who counciled with Gen. Miles and settled the Indian War. 1 Standing Bull. 2 Bear who looks back running. 3 Has the Big white horse. 4 White Tail. 5 Liver Bear. 6 Little Thunder. 7 Bull Dog. 8 High Hawk. 9 Lame. 10 Eagle Pipe. Taken in Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Indian Chiefs and U.S. Officials

Indian chiefs and U.S. officials. 1. Two Strike. 2. Crow Dog. 3. Short Bull. 4. High Hawk. 5. Two Lance. 6. Kicking Bear. 7. Good Voice. 8. Thunder Hawk. 9. Rocky Bear. 10. Young Man Afraid of His Horse. 11. American Horse. 12. W.F. Cody (Buffalo Bill). 13. Maj. J.M. Burk. 14. J.C. Craiger. 15. J. McDonald. 16. J.G. Worth. Taken at Pine Ridge, January 16, 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Indian Council

The caption says: Indian Council in a hostile camp. Taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Indian Girl's Home

The caption says: The Indian Girl’s Home. A group of Indian girls and Indian police at Big Foot’s village on reservation. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Indian Warriors

Indian Warriors. Mr. Bear-that-Runs-and-Growls, Mr. Warrior, Mr. One-Tooth-Gone, Mr. Sole (bottom of foot), Mr. Make-it-Long (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Little Revolt Leader with Soldiers

“Little,” the instigator of Indian Revolt at Pine Ridge, 1890. The image does not say who the other two men are. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Little Revolt Leader

“Little,” the instigator of Indian Revolt at Pine Ridge, 1890. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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1st Artillery

The caption says: Famous Battery “E” of 1st Artillery. These brave men and the Hotchkiss gun that Big Foot’s Indians thought were toys, together with the fighting 7th what’s left of Gen. Custer’s boys, sent 200 Indians to that Heaven which the ghost dancer enjoys. This checked the Indian noise and Gen. Miles with staff returned to Illinois. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Home of Mrs. American Horse

The caption says: “Home of Mrs. American Horse.” Visiting squaws at Mrs. A’s home in hostile camp. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Oglala Girl on Pine Ridge

A young Oglala girl sitting in front of a tipi, with a puppy beside her, probably on or near Pine Ridge Reservation. Taken near Deadwood, South Dakota in 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Plenty Horses on Pine Ridge

This caption says: Tasunka, Ota (alias Plenty Horse[s]), the slayer of Lieut. Casey, near Pine Ridge, S.D. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Group of Women

The caption says: A pretty group at an Indian tent. It is dated 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congre

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Red Cloud and American Horse

The inscription on this images says: “Red Cloud and American Horse.” The two most noted chiefs now living. It was taken by Grabill in 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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School for Indians at Pine Ridge

The caption says: U.S. School for Indians at Pine Ridge 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Signal Rock

The caption says: “Signal Rock.” Elk Canyon on Black Hills & Ft. P. R.R. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Skinning Beef

Skinning beef near Sturgis, South Dakota. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congres

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Uncle Sam's Pets

The caption says: Three of Uncle Sam’s Pets. We get rations every 29 days. Our pulse is good. Expressive medium. We put in 60 minutes each hour in our present attitude. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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Villa of Brule

The caption says: “Villa of Brule” The great hostile Indian Camp on River Brule near Pine Ridge, S.D. 1891. (J.C.H. Grabill/Library of Congress)

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