Saturday, June 1, 2013


Tree Spirit Prayer
By Hanoochi

Great Spirit, Mountain Ancestors, All My Relations, Blessings be here today as I come before you Honored One.
You have seen many sunrises and sunsets upon your branches,Your sacred roots have been quenched by life giving rains.

Honored Tree Spirit, I give thanks to you,
...for the singing birds that you shelter
...for the music you sing in the breeze
...for listening to the voices of the creatures
...for echoing the ancestors strength

Respected One, I ask your permission and humbly request your presence for my guided purpose as Great Spirit directs.

All things belong to you, Creator, all things are sacred.
So this day I honor you Tree Spirit and humbly Thank You.

Mitakuye Oyasin

Oh, Great Spirit, whose voice I hear in the wind, whose breath gives life to all the world. Hear me; I need your strength and wisdom. Let me walk in beauty, and make my eyes ever behold the red and purple sunset. Make my hands respect the things you have made and my ears sharp to hear your voice make me wise so that I may understand the things you have taught my people.

Help me to remain calm and strong in the face of all that comes towards me. Let me learn the lessons you have hidden in every leaf and rock. Help me seek pure thoughts and act with the intention of helping others. Help me find compassion without empathy overwhelming me. I seek strength, not to be greater than my brother, but to fight my greatest enemy - Myself. Make me always ready to come to you with clean hands and straight eyes. So when life fades, as the fading sunset, my spirit may come to you without shame.

Great Spirit
Give us hearts to understand;
Never to take from creation's beauty more than we give; never to destroy wantonly for the furtherance of greed; never to deny to give our hands for the building of earth's beauty; never to take from her what we cannot use.

Give us hearts to understand
That to destroy earth's music is to create confusion; that to wreck her appearance is to blind us to beauty; that as we care for her she will care for us.

We have forgotten who we are. We have sought only our own security. We have exploited simply for our own ends. We have distorted our knowledge. We have abused our power.

Great Spirit, whose dry lands thirst, help us to find the way to refresh your lands.

Great Spirit, whose waters are choked with debris and pollution, help us to find the way to cleanse your waters.

Great Spirit, whose beautiful earth grows ugly with misuse, help us to find the way to restore beauty to your handiwork.

Great Spirit, whose creatures are being destroyed,help us to find a way to replenish them.

Great Spirit, whose gifts to us are being lost in selfishness and corruption, help us to find the way to restore our humanity.

Oh, Great Spirit, whose voice I hear in the wind, whose breath gives life to the world, hear me; I need your strength and wisdom. May I walk in Beauty.

Great Spirit
By Hanoochi

Great Spirit gave me special wings, calling me to soar above, He adorned my heart and gave me earth I can simply love.
Great Spirit gave me friends and family, calling to my heart, He showered my life and showed me love, I will never part.
Great Spirit gave me compassion and patience, calling me to be, He covered my eyes with lovingkindness, I can always see.

Great Spirit gave me special wings, calling me to soar above, Earth is such a special place that I dearly loved.
Great Spirit says my time is done, soul calling to his light, Do not fret and cry those tears, I am with you all the time.
I will always love you, my earthly being gone, I live within the hearts of all my loved ones.

Great Spirit gave me special wings, calling me to soar above, My transformed body now complete,
......I fly on the wings of love.

Red Road Warriors walking this sacred path

Walking the Red Road
The idea behind “Walking the Red Road” is very important to my small community of walkers. We take this belief seriously and try to remain committed its mission.

For those of you who might not know the term Walking the Red Road or its intended purpose, I’ll try to explain it as simply as possible. Walking the Red Road is a determined act of living within the Creator’s instructions. Basically, it is living a life of truth, humbleness, respect, friendship, and spiritually. Those on this road are by no means walking a perfect path, but are in search of self-discovery and instructions. While there is much more information and teachings about a life on the Red Road, a more complete understanding would come from our Native American elders and leaders, who themselves have traveled this path for a while.
Standing or Walking the Red Road?
As someone who has stumbled down this road for a while, it seems to me that the main requirement for anyone interested in this route is -- Action. There is a large difference between being “On” and “Walking” the Red Road. There are certain acts that get someone on the Red Road. If someone attends sweat lodges, participates in purifications, or other ceremonies, they are on the Red Road. If they know Native American songs, languages, or other related traditions, they are on the Red Road. These are all very important acts and place an individual on the Red Road. If being on the Red Road is the main goal for someone, do these above things regularly.
If however you are interested in “Walking” the Red Road, much more is necessary. Consistently participating in the activities listed above puts someone on the path, but traveling on that path requires more. I have met folks who attend sweat lodges and other purification ceremonies, self-help recovery meetings, abstain from alcohol and other drugs, and several other related acts, but all other areas of their lives are disconnected from the ideas behind Walking the Red Road. Now…please know these comments/opinions come from my own personal experiences, not from the idea of traveling a perfect Path. If I was reading these same words written by someone else, my humanness would encourage me to stop reading this BS immediately! Hopefully you’ll forgive my human opinions and continue reading.
Walking the Red Road is a Balanced 24/7/365 Life
Participating in sweat lodges, purification ceremonies, recovery groups, etc. only requires a few days per year. The idea behind Walking the Red Road requires action in all aspects of one’s life. Doing and saying the right things during a four hour ceremony is fairly simple. The primary focus should be on the remaining 20 hours in a day.
There was a young, single parent who did not treat the children very well as the result of an alcohol and drug problem. After several months of being clean and sober and regularly attending ceremonies, the parent hastily made a typical dinner for the children consisting of sandwiches and chips. As the parent was rushing out the door to attend a regular ceremony, one of the children said, “What…sandwiches again tonight?!” The parent angrily replied, “I need to take care of myself. Did you like me the way I was?” The child replied, “I did not care much for you then, and I don’t care too much for you now!” The original story I heard was about a mother. I use the word parent in this story as it applies to both mother and father.
Walking the Red Road is a substantial personal commitment and responsibility. It is a 24/7/365 balanced life between self, family, community, and Creator. I write this not as a judge of who is or is not Walking the Red Road, but as someone who struggles with this balancing act. No person can judge if you are on the Red Road, where you are located, how fast you are traveling, or if you belong on this Path. That is the good news about this life/living route.
Widening the Path
The bad news about traveling this way of life is that no one can judge your Path. You are in total control of your route. Wouldn’t it be so simple and easy to have GPS? All of the help you need would be stated with one word – Recalculating! You hear that word and would instantly know you have meandered off the Path. Unfortunately, there is no GPS guidance while traveling the Red Road. The best way forward is joining other walkers and following the same path that has been paved by past generations of walkers. Also, the more people we travel with, the wider the path will become. Cohort of walkers are joined at the shoulders rather than walking single file. Walking the Red Road is very hard and requires much effort. What may be more difficult is being on the Red Road and not doing the necessary things that result in forward movement.
 — with Thomas W StoddardCathy MorningHawk DishonSue Wilson and 47 others.

Elder's Meditation of the Day June 1

Elder's Meditation of the Day June 1
"You have to have a lot of patience to hear those old people talk, because when they talk, they talk about motivation, the feeling, the unsound that is around the universe. They explain everything to one understanding. They bring it all together, and when they finish, just one word comes out. Just one word. They might talk all day, and just one word comes out."
--Wallace Black Elk, LAKOTA
We need to be careful about judging the old ones when we talk. At first they may not make sense to us. Maybe we'll say they're old fashioned and don't understand. But the old ones do understand! When they speak, listen very carefully. Often it will take weeks or maybe even years before we understand what they are really saying. This is the way of Wisdom. We need to listen, listen, listen.
Great Spirit, today, open my ears so I can hear the Elders.

Friday, May 31, 2013

A friend took this

Support Chief Raoni

PLEASE CONTACT YOUR MAIN MEDIA - TV - RADIO - NEWSPAPERS - Tell them what Brazil is doing! (see other links below) URGENT: "We will die. We will not leave without being heard." - The Indigenous People occupying the genocidal Belo Monte Dam in Brazil's Amazon Rainforest.- AMAZON WATCH - MAIN STORY & PETITION TO DILMA ROUSSEFF TO PROTECT THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE. many links below) 'BELO MONTE - AN ANNOUNCEMENT OF A WAR'
URGENT: "We will die. We will not leave without being heard." - May 29, 2013 -
Letter No. 8 from the Indigenous People who are yet again occupying the Belo Monte dam: "The massacre has been announced and only the government can avoid this fate - We have occupied the construction site of the Belo Monte Dam. We are defending our lands. These ancient lands have always been ours and you have already taken a part of them. And now you are trying to take more. We will not leave.

You will come to kill us and we will die. We will not leave without being heard.

The federal government announced a massacre of indigenous peoples, the 170 warriors, women, children, leaders and shamans who are here. This massacre is going to happen at the hands of police, Funai, and the judicial system.

You have killed at Teles Pires and will kill again when you need to. You killed us because we are against the dams. We know what you are capable of doing.

This time it is Norte Energia who has asked to kill us, a company which is part of the consortium and government. Norte Energia asked a federal judge, who subsequently authorized the police to beat and kill us if needed. Government of Brazil, it will be your fault if any of us die.

Enough with the violence! Stop threatening us! We want our peace and you want your war. Stop lying to the press that we are kidnapping workers and buses and causing an inconvenience. The occupation is quiet The unrest is caused by the police sent by the judge, Norte Energia, and the government. You are the ones who are humiliating us, threating us, intimidating us, and assassinating us when you don’t know what else to do.

We demand the suspension of the order to repossess the construction site, until Thursday morning, May 30th, 2013. The government needs to come here and hear us. You already know our agenda. We demand the suspension of all works and studies of dams on our lands. We demand the removal of the National Force from our lands. The lands are ours. You have wasted enough of our lands.

You want us to be tame and quiet, obeying your civilization without question. But in this case, we know you would rather see us dead because we are making noise."
Belo Monte construction sites, Vitória do Xingu, Pará, May 29th, 2013
MANY links to the Genocidal & Ecocidal story of THE BELO MONTE DAM, the REAL 'Avatar' being built in BRAZIL'S AMAZON RAINFOREST
The Guardian (major UK newspaper) - Brazil violates Human Rights of their Indigenous People
Video - 'Belo Monte - Announcement Of A War'
What You Can Do To Help Spread The Word:
Petitions to stop Belo Monte:

'The Revolution Starts Now' - Steve Earle
"I was walkin’ down the street
In the town where I was born
I was movin’ to a beat
That I’d never felt before
So I opened up my eyes
And I took a look around
I saw it written ‘cross the sky
The revolution starts now
Yeah, the revolution starts now

The revolution starts now
When you rise above your fear
And tear the walls around you down
The revolution starts here
Where you work and where you play
Where you lay your money down
What you do and what you say
The revolution starts now
Yeah the revolution starts now

Yeah the revolution starts now
In your own backyard
In your own hometown
So what you doin’ standin’ around?
Just follow your heart
The revolution starts now

Last night I had a dream
That the world had turned around
And all our hopes had come to be
And the people gathered ‘round
They all brought what they could bring
And nobody went without
And I learned a song to sing
The revolution starts now"

New Wing

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 31

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 31
"Sell a country? Why not sell the air, the great sea, as well as the Earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them all for the use of his children?"
--Tecumseh, SHAWNEE
The White Man's way is to possess, control, and divide. It has always been difficult for Indian people to understand this. There are certain things we cannot own that must be shared. The Land is one of these things. We need to re-look at what we are doing to the Earth. We are digging in her veins and foolishly diminishing the natural resources. We are not living in balance. We do not own the Earth; the Earth owns us. Today, let us ponder the true relationship between the Earth and ourselves.
Great Spirit, today, let me see the Earth as you would have me see Her.

Tribesmen Promise Fight to the Death to Save the Rainforest

Tribesmen Promise Fight to the Death to Save the Rainforest
By Real Coastal Warriors
3 photos
Ecuador’s plan to sell over a third of its pristine Amazonian rain-forest to Chinese oil industrialists has been met with a heartbreaking turn of events. Local tribes who inhabit the region have vowed to give their lives in defense of the sacred jungles they call home. Ecuador’s jungles are among the most bio-diverse on the planet, and are home to 1/10 of Earth’s species. In a desperate attempt to finance the nation’s commercial development, they have agreed to sell over 8,000,000 acres to Chinese oil companies — a portion roughly the size of Belgium or Maryland. Whether the money gained from the devastation of the rain-forest will end up actually serving the country’s long-term interests is open to debate, especially considering the region’s notoriety for political disarray. In 2007, Ecuador offered to guarantee the preservation of the rain-forest by leaving the estimated 850 million barrels of oil beneath the jungle floor untouched, in exchange for $3.5 billion — half the revenue expected to be generated by drilling. In theory, the international community could have united to pay Ecuador’s ransom, avoided an added 400 million metric tons of carbon emissions, and assured the Amazon’s beauty for generations to come. Unfortunately, after the 2008 economic collapse few politicians were eager to sell eco-conservation as a priority issue, and by 2012, only $200 million had been pledged. The apathy of most nations speaks volumes, and their own natural settings haven’t been saved from oil spills and fracking chemical leaks. To some degree, Ecuador cannot be blamed for wanting to move forward with its own industrialization, but its last remaining opposition is a determined indigenous population that considers the jungle their sacred home — and refuses to see it violated without a vicious fight. The battle is between a desperate and ambitious government, indebted to massive Chinese development loans, and the local tribes who cannot produce any paperwork proving their centuries old claim of ownership on the land. The passionate naturalists embody the very environment that is being sacrificed for the sake of industrial progress, and are willing to give their lives in its defense. Capital is often made by the privatization of the commons to extract wealth, and this conflict has manifested in the region before. In 2009, violence between Amazonian Indians and police in Peru over rain-forest mining rights resulted in several deaths. Mountain worshipping tribes in India have faced their own devastation by encroaching mining companies. Even Brazil’s plan to build the destructive Belo Monte dam was met with an outcry of support for the indigenous people — embodied by the famous picture of a crying Chief Raoni. While social media, international awareness and financial support play their part — the best hope these tribes have to sustain their homeland is to unite in its defense. Indigenous tribes account for nearly 25% of Ecuador’s population, and they are growing increasingly politically aware and active. Their uprising in the 1990s, gave them a political voice and mirrors the civil rights movements scattered throughout the histories of many other countries. While we fill movie theaters to cheer ten feet tall blue aliens, leading a vengeful stampede of animals against violent industrialists on distant planets — our own natural settings are being eradicated every day to serve our never ending addiction to fossil fuels. Facebook likes and online petitions aside, there is only so much an average citizen can accomplish. We live in an era of unprecedented wealth disparity, echoing the pre-revolution monarchies and fiefdoms of our past. Those few who have hoarded billions in wealth must prove they deserve the positions of power they hold — not by successfully accumulating their fortunes, but by investing in humanity’s future and stewarding the preservation of our common environments. If industry leaders aren’t at the forefront of developing energy alternatives, it becomes hard see their destructive ambitions as anything short of insatiable, self-serving greed.

Thursday, May 30, 2013

Why Have You Stopped?

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 30

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 30
"Power comes and goes. It can vanish in the twinkling of an eye, like smoke dissolving in the air."
--Archie Fire Lame Deer, LAKOTA
The East, South, West, and North are the powers of the four directions. The Creator makes these powers available to do things. We pray to the Creator to give us the power to do these things. Often, we are given these powers for awhile, then these powers disappear. Power is given and taken from us by the Great Spirit, the source of power. During the time we have this power, we should be responsible and use the power in a good way. Many good things can be accomplished when we realize where this power really comes from.
Great Spirit, today, show me how to use Your power.

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

Marijuana Legalization 28 May 2013

Marijuana Legalization: Colo. Gov. Hickenlooper Signs First Bills In History To Establish A Legal, Regulated Pot Market For Adults

On Tuesday, Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper signed several historic measures to implement marijuana legalization in the state, establishing Colorado as the world's first legal, regulated and taxed marijuana market for adults.
Hickenlooper, a vocal opponent of marijuana legalization who said that "Colorado is known for many great things, marijuana should not be one of them," signed the first bills in history to establish a legal marijuana market as well as starting the development of a regulatory framework for the cultivation, distribution, and processing of industrial hemp.
"Recreational marijuana really is new territory," Hickenlooper said at Tuesday's signing. And although the governor has expressed opposition to marijuana legalization in the past, he called today's pot bills "common sense," the AP's Kristen Wyatt reported.
Jack Finlaw, Hickenlooper's chief legal counsel, said although they were opposed to marijuana legalization, "the will of the voters needed to be implemented."
"We applaud Gov. Hickenlooper for the initiative he has taken to ensure the world's first legal marijuana market for adults will entail a robust and comprehensive regulatory system" said Mason Tvert, director of communications for the Marijuana Policy Project, who served as an official proponent of Amendment 64 and co-director of the campaign in Colorado. "This marks another major milestone in the process of making the much-needed transition from a failed policy of marijuana prohibition to a more sensible system of regulation."
Tvertd added: "Colorado is demonstrating to the rest of the nation that it is possible to adopt a marijuana policy that reflects the public's increasing support for making marijuana legal for adults. Marijuana prohibition is on its way out in Colorado, and it is only a matter of time before many more states follow its lead."
House Bill 1317 and Senate Bill 283, set up the regulatory framework for Colorado dictating how recreational marijuana should be grown, packaged and sold.
Colorado adults, 21 and over, will be limited to purchasing up to an ounce of marijuana for recreational use from specialty licensed retail shops that can also sell pot-related items such as pipes and accessories. Coloradans can also grow up to six plants -- with only three flowering at a given time -- in their home for personal use. Adults can possess up to an ounce of marijuana legally.
HB-1317 and SB-283 requires that retailers properly label all marijuana products including warning labels, serving size and information on THC potency. Only Colorado residents can own or invest in the stores, KDVR reports, and when the first stores open around Jan. 1, 2014, for the first nine months, only existing medical marijuana dispensaries will be able apply for the recreational sales license.
According to The Denver Post, the first recreational marijuana stores to open would only be able to sell the marijuana that they have grown themselves, but come October 2014, that restriction would be lifted so stand-alone growers and retailers could open up for business.
HB-1317 also bans cities from opening pot shops and bans marijuana collectives that could skirt the new marijuana regulatory laws by growing and providing pot to members tax-free and below cost.
The bill also requires stores to treat marijuana magazines like pornography by placing them behind the counter.
House Bill 1318, outlines the taxes related to the legal marijuana market, proposing a 15 percent excise tax and 10 percent sales tax. However, due to Colorado's Taxpayers' Bill of Rights which requires that Coloradans vote on any tax increase, state voters will still need to weigh in on the tax question in the 2014 election.
Amendment 64 states that the first $40 million raised from the 15 percent excise tax would go to to school construction. And although many voters who supported A64 did so because it could raise money for schools, lawmakers are concerned that even fans of that excise tax rate and the use of its revenue could be turned off by a total tax rate of 25 percent, not including additional state and local taxes that could lead to marijuana taxes exceeding 30 percent in some areas.
The Associated Press's Kristen Wyatt reported that some state lawmakers, fear that voters will reject one or both of the tax proposals leaving the state stuck with the tab for enforcing pot sales but without the budget to pay for it.
And although Coloradans are known to reject increased taxes when it comes to even popular state services -- take K-12 education improvement, for example -- when it comes to legal marijuana, state voters appear to be ready to buck that trend.
According to a recent survey from Public Policy Polling, 77 percent of Colorado voters support the 15 percent excise tax -- which Amendment 64 calls for and which is earmarked for public school construction -- as well as an additional 10 percent sales tax to cover the cost of regulating recreational marijuana sales. Only 18 percent of those surveyed were opposed to increased taxes on legal pot sales. The survey of 900 registered Colorado voters was conducted by Public Policy Polling from April 15-16.
In a statement, Amendment 64 backers said that state officials have told them that the cost to the state to enforce recreational marijuana regulations would not be greater than $30 million and said that the proposed 25 percent in taxes would still likely yield more than $60 million.
Hickenlooper has expressed support for the tax measure. "I'll certainly promote the marijuana question," Hickenlooper said to The Denver Post. "We need to make sure we have the resources to have a good regulatory framework to manage this."
Senate Bill 24 proposes the development of a regulatory framework for the commercial cultivation, processing, and distribution of industrial hemp.
House Bill 1325, a controversial measure which sets a THC-blood limit for Colorado motorists at 5 nanograms.
Under HB 1325, drivers caught with 5 nanograms of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana which produces the "high" sensation, in their blood would be considered too stoned to drive and could be ticketed similarly to a person who was considered too drunk to drive.
As in previous years when marijuana DUI bills have come up for debate, opponents say that the 5 nanogram standard is too low for frequent pot smokers, especially medical marijuana patients, who regularly have this level of THC in the bloodstream and therefore, if passed, these people would lose their driving privileges, The Denver Post reports.
But HB-1325 allows for a person who has been charged with having 5 nanograms of THC in their blood to rebut the charge that they are too impaired to drive.
"For example, if you did not exhibit poor driving, you can put that on as evidence to say, 'Look my driving was not poor, I'm not unsafe to operate a motor vehicle,'"Rep. Mark Waller (R-Colorado Springs) said during earlier hearings of an identical bill which was killed.

N8v Beauties

There is so much greatness in this pic!:) Shout out the Names of the Warriors&Heroes YOU know or admire!:)
<3Honey Dawn Karima♥
 — with Laurie Gaoyehtah Henhawk.

The Lakota Dream

With family as one of the key focuses of Sioux life, children were especially revered. Called "Wakanisha" (Waka meaning sacredness) they were the center of attention in the family, which included all their aunts and uncles, who they also referred to as "mother" and "father." As young children the boys played with miniature bows and arrows while the girls played with deer skin dolls and toy tepees. It was the "job" of their immediate and extended families to teach them the skills they would need in adulthood. By the time they were 13, they were active members of the tribe and usually married between the ages of 12-15.

This young Sioux boy's name was John Lone Bull.
 — with Autumn Olson-KerstanMelody Hamby-GossBianca Stan and Nunzio Magliano.

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 29

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 29
"Humility is probably the most difficult virtue to realize."
--Thomas Yellowtail, CROW
Two definitions of humility are; one, being aware of one's own defects of character, and two, giving credit where credit is due. This means if you do something and are successful because God gave you certain talents, give credit to God when someone tells you how well you did; this is being humble. If you are successful at something, but had help from friends, spouse, neighbors, give credit to those who helped you; this is being humble. If you have done a task and you alone accomplished it, give credit to yourself; this is being humble. Say the truth and give credit where credit is due.
Grandfather, let me walk a truthful road today.

North American Western Dressage

"Owners and trainers need to realize there's a definite, easy-to-remember schedule of fusion - and then make their decision as to when to ride the horse based on that rather than on the external appearance of the horse.
For there are some breeds of horse - the Quarter Horse is the premier among these - which have been bred in such a manner as to LOOK mature long before they actually ARE mature. This puts these horses in jeopardy from people who are either ignorant of the closure schedule, or more interested in their own schedule (for futurities or other competitions) than they are in the welfare of the animal.

The process of fusion goes from the bottom up. In other words, the lower down toward the hoofs you look, the earlier the growth plates will have fused; and the higher up toward the animal's back you look, the later. The growth plate at the top of the coffin bone (the most distal bone of the limb) is fused at birth. What this means is that the coffin bones get no TALLER after birth (they get much larger around, though, by another mechanism). That's the first one. In order after that:

2. Short pastern - top & bottom between birth and 6 mos.
3. Long pastern - top & bottom between 6 mos. And 1 yr.
4. Cannon bone - top & bottom between 8 mos. And 1.5 yrs.
5. Small bones of knee - top & bottom on each, between 1.5 and 2.5 yrs.
6. Bottom of radius-ulna - between 2 and 2.5 yrs.
7. Weight-bearing portion of glenoid notch at top of radius - between 2.5 and 3 yrs.
8. Humerus - top & bottom, between 3 and 3.5 yrs.
9. Scapula - glenoid or bottom (weight-bearing) portion - between 3.5 and 4 yrs.
10. Hindlimb - lower portions same as forelimb
11. Hock - this joint is "late" for as low down as it is; growth plates on the tibial & fibular tarsals don't fuse until the animal is four (so the hocks are a known "weak point" - even the 18th-century literature warns against driving young horses in plow or other deep or sticky footing, or jumping them up into a heavy load, for danger of spraining their hocks)
12. Tibia - top & bottom, between 2.5 and 3 yrs.
13. Femur - bottom, between 3 and 3.5 yrs.; neck, between 3.5 and 4 yrs.; major and 3rd trochanters, between 3 and 3.5 yrs.
14. Pelvis - growth plates on the points of hip, peak of croup (tubera sacrale), and points of buttock (tuber ischii), between 3 and 4 yrs.

and what do you think is last? The vertebral column, of course. A normal horse has 32 vertebrae between the back of the skull and the root of the dock, and there are several growth plates on each one, the most important of which is the one capping the centrum.

These do not fuse until the horse is at least 5 1/2 years old (and this figure applies to a small-sized, scrubby, range-raised mare. The taller your horse and the longer its neck, the later full fusion will occur. And for a male - is this a surprise? -- You add six months. So, for example, a 17-hand TB or Saddlebred or WB gelding may not be fully mature until his 8th year - something that owners of such individuals have often told me that they "suspected" .

The lateness of vertebral "closure" is most significant for two reasons.
One: in no limb are there 32 growth plates!
Two: The growth plates in the limbs are (more or less) oriented perpendicular to the stress of the load passing through them, while those of the vertebral chain are oriented parallel to weight placed upon the horse's back.

Bottom line: you can sprain a horse's back (i.e., displace the vertebral growth plates) a lot more easily than you can sprain those located in the limbs.

And here's another little fact: within the chain of vertebrae, the last to fully "close" are those at the base of the animal's neck (that's why the long-necked individual may go past 6 yrs. to achieve full maturity). So you also have to be careful - very careful - not to yank the neck around on your young horse, or get him in any situation where he strains his neck."

Dr. Deb Bennett

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

OYATE, Oglala Youth And Tribal Entertainment Media Network

Nice Way To Spend Your Tax Dollars NEBRASKA!!!

Nebraska State sure does pay a lot of state tax funds to protect the town of White Clay Nebraska where it has a population of 14 people yet four bars owners who distribute alcohol to the Lakota People of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, alcohol is illegal on the dry reservation yet Lakota people smuggle alcohol onto the Pine Ridge Reservation, when is this crime going to stop???
We are here to inform the world of the crimes against humanity, how can the Nebraska State and Nebraska State Police continue to let this happen to a beautiful nation!
We have rapes, Car Accidents, highest Infant Mortality Rate, Highest Suicide Rate, Deaths due to alcohol and all this is being caused by the effects of alcohol, this poison is destroying and tearing families apart!

The Bar owners are paying the Drunken Lakota People with bags of alcohol to attack the Zero Tolerance Camp that sits on the border of White Clay And Pine Ridge, as a media person I was shocked to see and witness all this with my camera, even to see the drunken lakota people on the street come out of the Arrow Head Bar with brown paper bags with cans of alcohol for their doings in causing that whole misunderstanding!
Truth will reveal so much that I will provide you with this much and it should convince you that what alcohol does and the effects it has on our people is so sad!
There will be an ending to this oppression and genocide one day!
Our children are suffering while their children are prospering!

Yukon Grizz

April 1945

In April 1945, the heroic efforts of the 42nd Squadron of the United States Army's 2nd Cavalry were responsible for the rescue and ultimate preservation of the Lipizzan breed. The rescue of the horses was conducted under the orders of General George S. Patton and was carried out under the direct command of Colonel Charles H. Reed. 
All those who know this breed have a special reverence for the connection between the horses and the great efforts made then and now by those who serve our country. We remember you.



Elder's Meditation of the Day May 28

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 28
"The land is a sacred trust held in common for the benefit of the future of our nations."
--Haida Gwaii - Traditional Circle of Elders
The Creator made the Earth to support life so that life would continue to reproduce, everything would support one another, and future generations would have the same benefits of supply and beauty as the generations the proceeded them. This cycle will only continue to the degree that we make choices and decisions for the future generations. Today, we are too greedy and selfish. We are cheating our children, grandchildren, and the children unborn.
Creator, let me see the consequences of my decisions, and show me how to make healthy corrections.

Memorial Day

Monday, May 27, 2013

Native American Warriors

Native American Warriors pays tribute to our fallen brothers and sisters this Memorial Day Weekend...from our great ancestors of the past who died to preserve our way of life to those most recently lost. No matter what you or I think of this country or these wars these men and women valiantly sacrificed their lives for the one thing they held dear to their hearts...our people. Rest well brave warriors. You have earned your place of honor in the loving embrace of the Creator. — with Teresa Vega,Linda Jackman Lucier AlfafaraMario RuizRita Crow WatsonLenearl Coker and Wolf Lacey.

Chicken Apple Wraps

Chicken Apple Wraps

1/2 cup chopped cooked chicken breast
3 tablespoons chopped Fuji apple
2 tablespoons chopped black or red grapes
2 tablespoons Crunchy Peanut Butter
1 tablespoon lite mayonnaise (or greek yogurt)
2 teaspoons honey
Iceberg lettuce

Chop chicken meat and fruit, mix in bowl. Mix in peanut butter, mayonnaise and honey.

Spoon into open lettuce leaf, roll and serve

Join us here for more every day fun, tips, recipes, weight loss support & motivation
DEB's Healthy Friends ~ Weight Loss Support Group

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 27

Elder's Meditation of the Day May 27
"One of the things the old people taught me about the spirits was to never have a doubt."
--Wallace Black Elk, LAKOTA
The spirit world is sometimes hard to believe in because we can't see it. Our minds convince us to seek proof for everything. We need to believe that the Unseen World exists and the Unseen World is guided by principles, laws, and values. If we have doubts, we can pray to the Great Spirit to remove the doubt. He understands how difficult it can be sometimes, so He's always ready to help us during our doubtful times. We are lucky to have such an understanding and helpful Father.
Great Spirit, today, divorce me from doubt.

Sunday, May 26, 2013

I'm Proud to be me


Powwow 101

Powwow 101

Dusty July days and hot August nights are spent creating sweet sweat as much of Indian country marks the summer by traveling the powwow trail, hop scotching across a region or the nation in search of the next, best powwow. For many Native Americans, the powwow trail is much more than just entertainment; it's a way to honor a spiritual connection to their ancestors.
The Poncas are credited with creating the first powwow type ceremony in the early 1800s, while the modern day powwow developed among the Plains tribes in the 1920s. The idea quickly spread and today members from almost every tribe coast to coast participate at some event or other. Over the years, powwow has evolved. "Contesting," or dancing competitively for prize money, is a new twist, as is the sheer number of events (now numbering over 300 held year-round), and the size and popularity of contests-some fill sports arenas! But the small, non-competitive and family-oriented events still remain popular as well.
Simply put, a powwow is a gathering of American Indians who come to dance, celebrate, pray, laugh and socialize. But for each person the meaning of the powwow, and their place in that ceremony, can only be defined by themselves.
For many powwow veterans, the thrill of entering a new powwow ground never abates. A lifetime of being the Master of Ceremonies at hundreds of powwows qualifies Sammy Tone-kei White, a Kiowa of Anadarko, Oklahoma, as an expert. "Since 1968 I've gone to at least two a week; that's a lot of powwows!" he says, "And now I MC about one a week, on an average. And, I still enjoy it!" For 21-years he's presided over what some consider the granddaddy of all powwows, the Gathering of Nations, held in Albuquerque, New Mexico each April.
Reno Charette of Montana, a Crow and descendant of the Turtle Mountain Chippewa, has been dancing from the age of nine. When she was in college she saved every single penny and didn't buy herself new clothes for two years, all so she could afford to give herself a matching set of beaded moccasins, purse, belt, scarf slide and bracelets. "I wore it all on graduation day," she proudly states.

Powwow Etiquette & Tips
Do not talk while an elder is speaking on the address system.
Dress properly-nothing too revealing for the ladies.
Leave the chairs around the dance area alone. They are for the dancers--bring your own.
Do not touch the dancers or their regalia.
Ask before you take a photo—it's just polite and dancers may have religious reasons for avoiding photos. Never enter the dance arena for a photo.
Listen to the MC. He will tell you when to take your hats and caps off during traditional dances.
When a blanket dance is announced, be prepared to donate a few dollars when the blanket passes you. The money will be donated to the person or drum group being honored.
Ask people around you to explain things you don't understand-most will be eager to share their knowledge with you.
The Music
To these hardcore powwow folks, the arena is a sacred but fun place, with its heartbeat residing in the music. "I like the songs, beautiful songs, that's the secret at a powwow," says White. "It's good medicine." The songs are divided into two main styles, northern and southern. Northern singers have a much higher pitch than the deep tones of the southern singers. Some songs have words while others are pure chanting. For example, an honor song might be composed for someone who has recently returned from war or the military, or for someone who recently passed away. Other songs provide ladies the chance to ask that special man to dance. Yes, at powwows, songs for sweethearts are strictly ladies choice! You'll know it's safe for anyone to join the dancing when the MC calls for an "inter-tribal dance."
There are some old favorites passed down from generations past but today more and more drum groups are being formed that are using their own languages to create new powwow songs. Take the 2004 Grammy Award winning group Black Eagle from Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico. When they started out in 1989 they imitated their favorite drum group Black Lodge. "We got so fascinated by that group," recalls Malcolm Yepa of Black Eagle. "We tried so hard to sing their songs right, to pronounce the words right!" But it was hard to sing in a different language. When the young members of Black Eagle met in person with members of Black Lodge, they were encouraged to write and sing in their own language. So Yepa went home and started composing in his Towa language.
Today his songs for the Men's Fancy Dance category include lyrics that talk about the dancers and how good they're dancing, how strong they look all decked out. Songs for the Women's Fancy Shawl speak of the same and encourage the young ladies to dance hard and fast. They even take a stab at love songs when the MC calls for a two-step or a Round Dance. Other recent Black Eagle songs include references to the 9/11 terrorist attacks and appeals to the Creator to keep our nation strong and safe and to help all people live a better life. Yepa says the Creator has given them the talent and blessing to compose songs and to share them with others, so in a way he looks at his songs as prayers for all people. "The songs are for us to live a better life."
One of the important roles of the MC is to let the crowd know what type of dance or competition is coming up next. They also call out to the drum group the category of the next song, though the groups must pick the specific song to perform, and also occasionally take public requests for songs.
Picking a favorite drum group is very personal and there are hundreds to choose from but White likes the Cozad Singers and the Young Bird Singers--both from Oklahoma and of the southern style-and Big Bear Thunder Child from Canada and Meskwaki from Iowa representing the northern style.
"Many of them (drum groups) have young people sitting around the drum which is exciting," says White. "It shows the culture is being passed down and the songs are being preserved. Without them you might as well stay home! Nothing will happen without the drum and the singers!"
The Dances
However, it is the dancers who bring life to the songs. At most powwows, the usual category of dances for men include northern traditional or southern straight, the grass dance, and the modern fancy dance. Northern traditional dancers often have lots of natural bird feathers in their outfits, and dance with quick steps, crouching low to the ground-resembling a prairie chicken's walk or a warrior in search of his enemy. Southern straight dancers have a regal air to them, standing upright, and dancing with short purposeful steps. At points in their song they will bend over and dance in semi-circles imitating how they surround their enemy.
For ladies there are the traditional buckskin or cloth dances, the jingle dress dance, and finally the ladies' fancy shawl dance, which is the equivalent to the men's fancy dance.
The modern fancy dance is the one that captivates most folks. The main difference between the traditional and the modern dances are the pace and the exuberant, flashy way the dancers-both men and women-spin their way around the arena.
"Back in the day when I was young, the elders in my family didn't want me to act like that, spinning and lifting my knee," says Charette. At age nine she started dancing women's traditional cloth. She was taught that a young lady should be graceful and dignified and very low-keyed when it came to dancing. But today she doesn't discourage her daughter from dancing fancy shawl. "It's definitely a young person's dance. At 47, I probably could do the dance steps for 30 seconds before my body started hurting."
Stopping on time is a key, and tricky, aspect of good dancing. Drum groups may make up songs with sudden endings designed to make the dancer misstep. If the dancers can keep up with the pace and not be fooled by a false ending they have a decent chance of winning the cash prize. "When a dancer oversteps, usually the judges won't vote on them at all," explains White. "A lot of times the dancer will just walk out of the arena." That's when White will tell the crowd to clap for the dancer for showing good sportsmanship.
Not all powwows charge admission or pay out large sums of prize money. "It's a good thing we can talk about powwows that don't have competition at all," says White. "These men and women come because they love to dance! They don't give a second thought to the fact that there's no money involved."
"I don't dance competitively," says Charette, "I dance for people who can't dance. On her belt she has a pocket where she carries the prayer cards she picks up from the funerals of family and friends. "When I dance, I dance to honor them," she says.
The one category that steals White's heart every single time is Tiny Tots. "It's the most wonderful thing in the world to have the tiny tots competition because it gets them out in the arena, and some can barely walk. I appreciate all the moms, dads and grandparents getting those little ones ready and for teaching them to dance. They're the champions of tomorrow!"
The Regalia
It's okay to admire a dancer's clothing but a travesty to call it a costume. "Costumes are worn during Halloween," says White. "It's not something we put on because we're gonna go out and trick or treat or dress up and play Indian." It's better to refer to the dance clothing as outfits or regalia.
Regalia is unique to each dancer and dance, and as powwow continues to evolve, there are no hard and fast rules regarding regalia. Years ago, one would not see the neon colors used today by some fancy dancers, nor design elements ranging from Mickey Mouse to the Nike swoosh symbol. But, there are some standards for various dances.
For instance, the regalia for grass dancer features yards and yards of yarn or ribbon hanging from the shoulders and waist. They symbolize the prairie grass the dancers historically would stomp down to prepare an area for dancing. Other outfits dazzle the eye with intricate beadwork, often containing personal motifs and designs that reflect their heritage. Most beadwork is created by a family member and given as a gift to the dancer, though today folks may also place "special orders" with beadworkers for their regalia. Women's jingle dance dresses are covered with rolled up tobacco tin lids that are attached to the dress. The bright silver shapes create a delightful tinkering sound as the dancers move.
Look closely at regalia and you'll also see use of porcupine quills and other traditional materials. Historically the decorative elements were applied over buckskin, but today the favored base material is cotton.
Dancers take great care to ensure their outfits are intact and "safe" during a powwow. If not, the dancer stands a chance of dropping a part of their regalia in the arena. The worse offense is when an eagle feather falls. It's important to pay respect to the eagle feather because for many tribes it represents a connection to the Creator. All dancing stops until the feather is properly retrieved.
White offers a tip for novice powwowers. "Sit down and stand up when everyone else sits and stands. Just follow the crowd. Be respectful and everything will be fine. We still have our ways, our beautiful songs. Be with us when we celebrate those things." 
Patty Talahongva (Hopi) is the president of the Native American Journalists Association; the host of the radio program "Native American Calling" (see "Passages" this issue); sits on the board of Unity: Journalists of Color, Inc.; and is a frequent writer for this magazine and other major national print and electronic media. Louis Baca (Santa Clara Pueblo/Tewa) of Española, NM has been taking photographs personally and professionally for more than 30 years. He is the owner of Blue Cloud Photo-GFX and shows his work throughout the Southwest. Sylvia Montana (Apache/Kickapoo/Mexican) of Longbeach, CA has been attending powwow since her teens and photographing them for about 20 years.